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Festivals of Bhutan #Yeegetaway

A window into Bhutan rich and unique cultural heritage

Attending a festival in Bhutan is one of the best opportunity to witness how Bhutan is deeply steeped into his heritage. You can observe mask dancers performed energetic dance dramas in colorful and stylized costumes. It is also an opportunity to mix and meet with Bhutanese. They are coming from all over the country to assist to these festivals as it has a particular significance for them.

Festivals are a pillar of the Bhutanese society

They help passing on stories and legends from one generation to another. They also help preserving the ancient lore and art of mask-making. But most of all, festivals contribute to Gross National Happiness as the festival are a unifying and bonding force.

The spectacular dances that form these Tshechus are known as cham. The subjugation of evil and the purification and protection from demonic spirits are important themes in the tsechu and dances. Dances with these  themes are usually interwoven with those which are morally instructive or didactic and those that proclaim the victory of Buddhism and the glory of Padmasambhava. Bhutanese believe witnessing mask dances as a blessing and as an essential part to gain enlightenment (Nirvana).

Most tshechus also feature the unfurling of a thongdrel – a large appliqué thangka typically depicting a seated Padmasambhava surrounded by holy beings, the mere viewing of which is said to cleanse the viewer of sin. The thongdrel is raised before dawn and rolled down by morning.

Festivals are also a special occasion where families, friends and community share meals of red rice, spicy Pork, Ema Datshi and Momos (dumplings) whilst drinking the heady traditional rice wine known as Ara.

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Frequently Asked Questions

The festivals of Bhutann are rich and happy expressions of its ancient Buddhist culture and its traditions.

What is a Tshechu

A tshechu is a religious festival meaning “tenth day”. They are held annually in various temples, monasteries and dzongs throughout the country.

It is believed that everyone must attend a Tshechu and witness the mask dances at least once to in order to receive blessings and wash away their sins.

Every mask dance performed during a Tshechu has a special meaning or a story behind it and many are based on stories and incidents from as long ago as the 8th century, during the life of Guru Padmasambhava.

why do we celebrate Tshechu in Bhutan?

These festivals are held in all districts in honour of Guru Rinpoche, the saint who introduced Buddhism to Bhutan in the 8th century. Tsechus are held on auspicious days and months in the Bhutanese calendar, and last up to four days in which a series of highly stylised masked dance rituals are performed.

They provide the chance for remote communities to come together, to dance, to be happy and to share in the teachings of Padmasambhava. Tshechus  encourage people to dress up, spend time at the local monastery or dzong (fortified Buddhist learning centre) and make the most of the assembled market stalls as well as packing a picnic in traditional bamboo baskets.

what are the most popular Tshechus ?

The Thimphu and Paro tsechus are by far the most popular festivals with tourist groups, and increasing numbers of visitors are discovering the theatrical drubchoe in beautiful Punakha. These three are the grandest festivals, on the biggest scale and are true spectacles, but the tourist crowds can be thick at times.

Some old Bhutan hands prefer the smaller festivals or tsechus held in lesser-known regional dzongs and lhakhangs. They may be lighter on spectacle but they provide a more intimate and traditional experience, and you might just be the only foreigners there: Has summer festival, Wangdue Prodrang Tshechu, Black Necked Crane festival, Jambay Lhakhang Drup

What is the festival etiquette for tourist ?

During festivals you can photograph from the dzong courtyard where the dances take place. Remember, however, that this is a religious observance and you should behave accordingly. Consider the following etiquette:

  • Use a telephoto lens without a flash.
  • Don’t let your desire for a close-up get in the way of the dancers or block the view of other spectators.
  • Don’t intrude on the dance ground or on the space occupied by local people seated at the edge of the dance area, and if you do end up in the front row, remain seated.
  • Don’t photograph a member of the royal family, even if you happen to be at a festival or gathering where they are present.
Where can I find the dates ?

Here !

Name Town Start Date End Date
Punakha Drubchen Punakha Mar 02, 2020 Mar 04, 2020
Punakha Tshechu Punakha Mar 05, 2020 Mar 07, 2020
Chhorten Kora Trashi Yangtse Mar 09, 2020 Mar 24, 2020
Tharpaling Thongdrol Bumthang Mar 09, 2020
Zhemgang Tshechu Zhemgang Apr 01, 2020 Apr 03, 2020
Talo Tshechu Punakha Apr 01, 2020 Apr 03, 2020
Gasa Tshechu Gasa Apr 01, 2020 Apr 03, 2020
Gomphukora Trashigang Apr 01, 2020 Apr 03, 2020
Paro Tshechu Paro Apr 04, 2020 Apr 08, 2020
Rhododendron Festival Thimphu Apr 17, 2020 Apr 19, 2020
Domkhar Tshechu Bumthang May 02, 2020 May 04, 2020
Ura Yakchoe Bumthang May 04, 2020 May 08, 2020
Nimalung Tshechu Bumthang Jun 28, 2020 Jun 30, 2020
Kurjey Tshechu Bumthang Jun 30, 2020
Haa Summer Festival Haa Valley Jul 11, 2020 Jul 12, 2020
Mushroom Festival Thimphu Aug 15, 2020 Aug 16, 2020
Tour of the Dragon Bumthang Sep 05, 2020
Thimphu Drubchen Thimphu Sep 22, 2020
Wangdue Tshechu Wangdue Phodrang Sep 24, 2020 Sep 26, 2020
Tamshing Phala Chhoepa Bumthang Sep 26, 2020 Sep 28, 2020
Thimphu Tshechu Thimphu Sep 26, 2020 Sep 28, 2020
Gangtey Tshechu Wangdue Phodrang Sep 29, 2020 Oct 01, 2020
Thangbi Mani Bumthang Sep 30, 2020 Oct 02, 2020
Jhomolhari Mountain Festival Thimphu Oct 14, 2020 Oct 15, 2020
Jakar Tshechu Bumthang Oct 23, 2020 Oct 27, 2020
Royal Highland Festival Gasa Oct 23, 2020 Oct 24, 2020
Chhukha Tshechu Chukha Oct 24, 2020 Oct 26, 2020
Dechenphu Tshechu Thimphu Oct 26, 2020
Jambay Lhakhang Drup Bumthang Oct 31, 2020 Nov 03, 2020
Prakhar Duchhoed Bumthang Nov 01, 2020 Nov 03, 2020
Bhutan Bird Festival Zhemgang Nov 11, 2020 Nov 13, 2020
Black Necked Crane Festival Wangdue Phodrang Nov 11, 2020
Pemagatshel Tshechu Pemagatshel Nov 21, 2020 Nov 24, 2020
Trashigang Tshechu Trashigang Nov 22, 2020 Nov 24, 2020
Mongar Tshechu Mongar Nov 22, 2020 Nov 24, 2020
Nalakhar Tshechu Bumthang Nov 30, 2020 Dec 02, 2020
Jambay Lhakhang Singye Cham Bumthang Nov 30, 2020
Druk Wangyel Tshechu Thimphu Dec 13, 2020
Lhuentse Tshechu Lhuentse Dec 23, 2020 Dec 25, 2020
Trongsa Tshechu Trongsa Dec 23, 2020 Dec 25, 2020
Nabji Lhakhang Drup Trongsa Dec 29, 2020 Dec 31, 2020

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